Brookings experts continue to research which localities are reaping the benefits of the booming tech industry and which metropolises have potential for future job creation. In this week’s edition of Charts of the Week, we bring you a sample of recent papers focused on the geography of tech jobs.
THE TECH SECTOR HAS CONCENTRATED MORE RAPIDLY IN RECENT YEARS
Despite the announcements fROMs Amazon, Google and Apple as companies add high-level jobs outside of traditional West Coast tech hubs, Mark Muro and Jacob Whiton find that only nine of the 100 largest metros in the United States have significantly increased their share of tech jobs from 2015 to 2017. “These recent ‘winners’ included San Francisco, Seattle, San Jose, Los Angeles, Austin, Denver, Orlando, Kansas City, and Charlotte,” the authors explain. “In fact, 60 other cities have lost industry share due to slow or negative growth…this new data on the geography of tech is baffling to those who think the United States would do better with a map more balanced economy.
Increase the opportunities of emerging innovation hubs
In a recent report, Makada Henry-Nickie and Hao Sun identify several emerging cities that could support startups and Iinnovation– driven growth. “Focusing only on major cities obscures other important locations, such as Washington, D.C., Philadelphia, and Baltimore, which have large black populations,” the authors write. “The United States is at the center of a pivotal moment – a moment that implores society to reflect on what innovation and found jobs mean for marginalized groups.”
Eight US cities that employ more women and minority populations IN TECH
Muro and Whiton also find that while many cities are increasing their digital jobs, few posts are inclusive to marginalized communities. However, in eight US cities, women, people of color and workers without college degrees receive more jobs than the industry norm. “Perhaps local culture is the reason,” the authors write. “Perhaps it has to do with the nature of local institutions or the existence of vibrant, long-standing peer networks or active efforts to promote inclusion. Whatever the cause, some places are reaching a higher degree of digital inclusion.